Dr. James Beacham searches for answers to the biggest open questions of physics using the largest experiment ever, the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. He hunts for dark matter, gravitons, quantum black holes, and dark photons as a member of the ATLAS collaboration, one of the teams that discovered the Higgs boson in 2012. In addition to his research, he is a frequent speaker at sci/tech/art events around the world, including the American Museum of Natural History, the Royal Institution, SXSW, and the BBC. His talk, “How we explore unanswered questions in physics”, was featured on TED.com and has been viewed more than 1.5 million times. He contributes to podcasts, radio shows, and documentaries, and has been featured in The New York Times, Wired, and Gizmodo, among others. Beacham trained as a filmmaker before becoming a physicist and regularly collaborates with artists, both independently and with the ArtsAtCERN program. In 2015 he launched Ex/Noise/CERN, a project exploring the connections between particle physics and experimental music and film.
public talks and appearances
// Talk & panel — Tokyo, Japan — November 2018
— Decrypting the Universe —
I gave a very unique talk, one I’d never given before, at the Muographers 2018 conference in Tokyo, Japan, on 30 November 2018, at the Istituto Italiano di Cultura. It was also titled, “Decrypting the Universe”, but it was unlike any other iterations of that title I’ve used previously, since it was about physics, curiosity, desire, the destruction of the ego, art, inquiry, and how physicists extract complex patterns from the universe, from utilizing cosmic ray muons to see inside volcanos and pyramids to the research we do at the LHC, recreating the conditions of the universe as they were a fraction of a second after the Big Bang, fourteen billion years ago, to try to understand what the universe is trying to tell us with its invisible messengers.
I also moderated a panel about the interface between the arts and the sciences. It was wonderful meeting so many forward-thinking muography researchers and it was great to give this talk. I look forward to giving it elsewhere in the future.
// Talk — Zürich, Switzerland — November 2018
— A Big Bang Machine on the Moon —
I’d been invited to give a talk at focusTerra, a wonderful earth science museum at ETH Zürich, in Zürich, Switzerland, as part of a series of talks about the Solar System. So, naturally, I chose to talk about building an enormous particle collider around the circumference of a great circle of the Moon.
Thanks very much to the focusTerra staff for such a great venue and the wonderful hospitality!
// Conversation — MASI Lugano — Lugano, Switzerland — October 2018
By invitation of Tobia Bezzola, director of the stupendous MASI, in Lugano, Switzerland — and through the support and consideration of the IBSA Foundation for scientific research — I was honored to collaborate again with photographer Thomas Struth. We had a public conversation about science and art in the dire contemporary social/political moment, particle physics, constructed landscapes, the invisible, and decay.
A gorgeous building, a very good crowd, and excellent hosts. Thomas and I always seem to encounter even more ideas and concepts to explore at the end of our conversations than we had when we began. I can’t wait to visit Lugano again.
// Panel — Foire du Valais, Journée de la Culture — Martigny, Valais, Switzerland — October 2018
Along with Mónica Bello, head of the Arts at CERN program, and Laura Couto Rosado, the artist and designer for whom I was the scientific partner of her residence at CERN, I appeared on a panel titled “Arts at CERN: comment faire dialoguer art et science ?” as part of the Journée de la Culture at the Foire du Valais, in Martigny, Switzerland.
We each gave a short presentation and then dived a bit deeper into the interaction between the arts and the sciences during the moderated discussion. It was a curious, inquisitive crowd and we had a lot of great questions during the Q&A and afterward. A big thanks to the organizers for inviting us!
// Panel, Talk — LHC Days — Split, Croatia — September 2018
— A Big Bang Machine on the Moon —
I had the great fortune to begin a new collaboration with colleagues in the CMS, ALICE, LIGO/VIRGO, and Muographix collaborations / organizations, called the Origin Network. In connection with the LHC Days conference in Split, Croatia, I appeared on a panel about art and science and then gave my “Big Bang Machine on the Moon” public talk, as well.
It was a very fun talk, with some good questions from locals, in an excellent venue, in the magical old town of Split. I’m looking forward to future Origin Network events.
// Talk — Durham, North Carolina — June 2018
— A Big Bang Machine on the Moon —
I had the great luck to be able to spend an evening at the Museum of Life & Science in Durham, North Carolina and to drop the particle-collider-around-the-moon idea on the excellent community of science enthusiasts, innovators, student thinkers, and rationalists in the area!
I had a great time chatting with everyone, and huge thanks to the museum staff for hosting me. And if you're a fan of space exploration, I highly encourage you to visit the Museum. They have extremely important pieces of space history there!
// Keynote address — Ecsite — June 2018
— Decrypting the Universe —
I was honored to have been asked to give the main keynote address at the Ecsite 2018 annual conference in Geneva, Switzerland. It was a unique talk for me, very unlike other talks I've given, since the audience was very unique, being composed of science communication and museum professionals, the kind of people who shaped my perceptions of science and inquiry as a child and cultivated my curiosity. I had been asked to address not just science and particle physics but my experiences and initiatives investigating the similarities between scientific and artistic inquiry, including my prior training as a filmmaker and, for example, the Ex/Noise/CERN project. I touched upon some of the key issues about the relationship between art and science in the contemporary socio-political moment, as well. The response from the attendees was positive, and I had a large number of wonderful conversations over the few days of the conference. Extreme thanks to the whole Ecsite team for providing such a great platform. The full video is below.
// Talk — Brain Bar Budapest — June 2018
— Why is real science sexier than pseudoscience? —
I was invited to return to Brain Bar Budapest for a second year and took the opportunity to do something a bit different. The organizers had requested I address the topic, "Why science is sexier than pseudoscience", so instead of a traditional science talk I did a kind of dramatic re-telling of a conversation I once had in a bar in Santa Cruz with a guy and his girlfriend about science, evidence, belief, particle physics, dark matter, ghosts, gluten, and honest inquiry. The video is here.
// Talk — Budapest — May 2018
— A Big Bang Machine on the Moon —
While in Budapest, prior to the main event, I was also invited to bring the Brain Bar atmosphere to the employees of the local KPMG office for a special talk on site, so naturally I hit them with A Big Bang Machine on the Moon, described in detail a few entries below here. It was a perfect fit for this audience of young, ambitious, innovation-minding professionals who are *not* physicists but are well-versed in thinking about what's possible and seemingly impossible with respect to financing. Some of the innovation and technology required to build a particle collider on the moon doesn't necessarily even exist yet -- which is a big opportunity. Thanks to the KPMG team for inviting and hosting me!
// Talk — San Francisco— March 2018
// Talk — London — March 2018
// Talk — Athens — April 2018
— A Big Bang Machine on the Moon —
What would we learn if we built a particle collider experiment -- something like the Large Hadron Collider, but much bigger -- around the circumference of a great circle of the Moon? Answer: A huge amount about some of the most burning open questions of physics concerning the Higgs boson, dark matter, supersymmetry, the Big Bang, and the audacious idea that we may live in a multiverse. Why haven't we done this yet? Answer: Because it's the Moon, and until the last few years, it's been an insane, impossible thought-experiment-only. So how impossible might it be in the not-too-distant future? Answer: Perhaps not as impossible as you think.
The possibility is currently quite remote, but there are many intriguing advances and threads going in the direction of building a base on the Moon, improving space transit and transport, and after the next-to-next generation of collider (after, e.g., the FCC) we'll need to go very big to really and nearly definitively answer some of our open questions. Could the future of physics research be Moon-based? It's an intriguing prospect, but we'll need some killer innovation to make it happen.
And a special thanks to the fantastic teams at the Exploratorium and the Royal Institution! The Exploratorium is a legendary space for inspiring upcoming scientists and thinkers to explore the world around them, and the Royal Institution needs no introduction or explanation at all. It was indeed a rare honor to speak in the same auditorium where Faraday lectured on electromagnetism in the 1820s/30s. The RI has hosted so many transformative scientists like Dorothy Hodgkin, Lord Rayleigh, the Braggs, and Kathleen Lonsdale over the years, and it was humbling to follow in their footsteps.
// Panel, Talk — SXSW — Austin, Texas — March 2018
I appeared on a panel at South by Southwest (SXSW) in Austin, Texas, in March of 2018, titled, "Decrypting the Universe: Science and Art at CERN", about the experience of being the scientific partner of artist and designer Laura Couto Rosado, one of the artists in residence at CERN in 2017, as part of the Arts at CERN program. The panel was organized by Cécile Vulliemin (who also appeared) of swissnex Boston. While we did talk briefly about some of Laura's particular work resulting from our partnership, the panel was about larger issues, ranging from the nature of CERN research, the implications of the existence of such a scientific endeavor (and the existence of a very welcoming and open arts program therein) in society, the peculiar nature of an arts/science collaboration in this context, whether the currently prevalent socio-political systems are suffocating society, and what art and science can say or do about it. It was a great event filled with fascinating people, questions, and conversations afterward.
// Talk — Mumbai, India — December 2017
I had the wonderful honor of speaking at the Nehru Science Centre in Mumbai, India, on 14 December 2017, about "Exploring the dark side of the universe with the Large Hadron Collider at CERN", focusing on why we know dark matter exists, how we look for it, and why it's proving so challenging to find. Thanks very much to the excellent Nehru Centre staff and the great audience and their probing questions.
// Panel — St. Louis, Missouri — November 2017
On 5 November 2017 I joined Thomas Struth, photographer; Eric Lutz, curator of photography at the St. Louis Art Museum; and Talia Dan-Cohen, Assistant Professor, Sociocultural Anthropology, Washington University in St. Louis for a cross-disciplinary panel discussion at the St. Louis Art Museum, in conjunction with a major exhibition -- titled "Thomas Struth: Nature & Politics" -- of Struth's photographs of the spaces and apparatuses humanity uses to explore scientific frontiers, and what the social and political costs of such advancement may be. As engrossing as it was, and as much as I learned from talking with Struth, Lutz, and Dan-Cohen, I feel we barely scratched the surface.
// Panel — New York City — October 2017
Gizmodo Presents: Dark Matter! On 23 October 2017 Gizmodo hosted a panel about dark matter at their studios in New York, featuring me and two of my colleagues, Elena Aprile (founder of the XENON Dark Matter Project and professor at Columbia) and Priya Natarajan (eminent astrophysicist at Yale), moderated by Ryan F. Mandelbaum, science writer at Gizmodo, and live-streamed via social media. The event was held in conjunction with Dark Matter Day, and, even though we went much longer than we'd planned, it still seemed too short. Tons of great questions. We'd probably need a ten-part series to cover all the bases. Thanks to our fantastic Gizmodo hosts!
// Talk — Manchester, UK — September 2017
I was invited by producer Ahmed Razek to speak at BBC MediaCityUK (at the BBC Blue Room), in Manchester, on 25 September 2017, about artificial intelligence and machine learning at CERN, with a talk called, "Patterns in the fuzz: Big data, machine learning & artificial intelligence at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN". This is an acutely fascinating topic -- especially in the context of big, open media like that at the BBC vs. big, open science like that at CERN -- and we could have talked for hours. It was great to bounce around ideas with other data scientists like Magda Piatkowska and R&D people like Rosie Campbell.
// Talk, Debate, Video — Budapest, Hungary — June 2017
I was invited to Brain Bar Budapest, which took place in June of 2017, and where I gave a talk titled, "Will We Ever Travel Through Time?". I also had a public debate with Bishop István Bogárdi Szabó, of the Reformed Church in Hungary, about the roles of science and theistic belief systems in modern society. It was a fantastic event filled with insatiably curious people and consistently insightful conversations. The organizers also knew how to properly inspire, since I'd not given a talk about time travel before, and it was a welcome challenge to fit humanity's fascination with time travel into a broader discussion about the physics of time and boundary-pushing research, both now, like that we do at the LHC, and in the future.
// Radio show — May 2017
On 15 May 2017 I was a guest on BLACKOUT, Samantha Scarlette's show on Idobi Radio, where we talked about black holes, Higgs physics, antimatter, and speculated as to how some of the wild conspiracy theories about CERN arise. Samantha and Eddie were great hosts, eager to know more about the physics and about sorting fact from fiction at the LHC. Spoiler: The real research we do here at CERN is *far* more interesting than any of the conspiracy theories.
// March, Talk — Geneva, Switzerland — April 2017
A small group of grassroots organizers here in Geneva, Switzerland -- encompassing both scientists and non-specialist members of the local community -- held the March for Science, Geneva, on 22 April 2017, and I was honored to have been a member of the organizing committee. I was consistently impressed with our team, since we managed to arrange the march in our spare time, without a hierarchical organizing structure, and to successfully meet our two main goals: 1) To march in solidarity with the hundreds of marches around the world that day to affirm that robust funding of scientific research is an essential component of a healthy, open, free society and 2) to hold up the Geneva region and Switzerland in general as shining examples of strong support of open, inclusive science for the public good. We also had more than twice as many attendees as we'd expected, including prominent scientists from around the region.
Our Geneva march was, as far as we know, the only one in Switzerland and was covered extensively in the press, including images from our march that appeared in news stories around the world.
I also had the honor of giving a speech on behalf of the organizing committee at the pre-march rally. The text and a video are here.
// Radio — April 2017
I was very pleased to join Heather Wade for Midnight in the Desert, a live late night talk radio show (and the successor to the venerable Art Bell Show) on the rather appropriately titled Dark Matter Digital Network, on 17 April 2017. It looks like one needs a subscription to listen online, but we talked about a large range of topics related to the LHC and CERN, sorting science fact from science fiction in boundary-pushing research.
// Talk, Panel — Trondheim, Norway — March 2017
I was at Technoport 2017, in Trondheim, Norway, in March of 2017, where I gave a presentation and appeared on a panel discussion titled, "Destination Dystopia?"
// Talk — New York City — February 2017
I gave a presentation at the American Museum of Natural History, in New York, on 6 February 2017, called, "Gravitons, Exotic Higgs Bosons, or Nothing at All: The Large Hadron Collider’s First Year at 13 TeV", as part of their Frontiers Lectures series.
// Talk — TED.com — December 2016
My TEDxBerlin talk, "How we explore unanswered questions in physics", was featured on TED.com on 22 December 2016.
I've been honored and humbled by the great public response to the work of my colleagues and I, and for such excellent enthusiasm for what big, boundary-pushing, open, multicultural, inclusive science can do on the global stage. Stay curious.
// Article — November 2016
I wrote an article for Scientific American blogs called, "The Higgs Boson versus Donald Trump", on 14 November 2016, about the fundamental incompatibility of bigotry and authoritarianism with the greatest achievements of international, multicultural, big science for humanity.
// Talk — November 2016
I spoke at the Institute of Physics, in London, on 2 November 2016, with a talk called, "Gravitons, Exotic Higgs Bosons, or Nothing at All: The Large Hadron Collider's First Year at 13 TeV".
// Talk, Talk — September 2016
I gave a talk titled, "The Large Hadron Collider and the beginning of physics", at TEDxBerlin on 4 September 2016 and at TEDxArendal, in Norway, on 10 September 2016. It's about my personal experience with the X750 diphoton resonance search in 2015 and 2016 and how the huge attention paid toward it fits into the larger context of what we do as physicists at CERN and scientists in general.
// Talk, Musical performance — August 2016
I was invited to appear at Klangfestival 2016 at Klangfolger, Gallneukirchen, Austria, 19 August 2016, where I gave a talk called, "Exploring the Dark Side of the Universe with the Big Bang Machine", and where I may or may not have performed some of my private sonifications of ATLAS LHC collision data with the improv noise band The Spacefollowers, as well.
// Radio — August 2016
I was on NPR's Science Friday on 12 August 2016 discussing the results from the LHC's first year at 13 TeV (including the diphoton bump) and the IceCube sterile neutrino exclusion with neutrino hunter extraordinaire Janet Conrad.
// Media features — December 2015 through 2016
On 15 December 2015, ATLAS and CMS held a big seminar here at CERN where we reported on our first-year-at-13-TeV results. Both experiments saw a slight excess in the diphoton mass spectrum at approximately the same place, around 750 GeV. This excess was not very statistically significant. But hundreds of theory papers were written about it quite rapidly.
I chatted about it with some news outlets:
// Talk — May 2016
I gave a talk about the maybe-new-particle cliffhanger, this X750 diphoton excess, at the Science Museum in London, as part of their Lates program, on 25 May 2016, called "A Revolutionary New Particle at the Big Bang Machine?".
I wrote an explainer:
And then, as modest, 2σ excesses have been known to do, the little diphoton bumplet turned into a smooth line after we took five times more data, as we reported at the ICHEP conference in Chicago in August, 2016. It was an exciting time, and many people seemed to be disappointed in the result, but this was actually a stellar triumph for science itself. Data speak for themselves. And this is just the beginning of the LHC's quest for new particles at 13 TeV. I wrote another explainer about it.
I discussed the diphoton search in the New York Times...
...and participated in a BBC Horizon special about the entire process called Inside CERN.
// Twitter chat — May 2016
I participated in a Twitter chat with CNN Tech, about "The secret to making a scientific discovery", on 25 May 2016.
// Video — 2016
As part of Symmetry Magazine's "Ask Symmetry" series I answered the question "If atoms are mostly empty space, then why does anything feel solid?".
// Video — 2016
Can the Higgs boson possibly decay to dark matter? Well, can it?
// Feature article — January 2015
WIRED's Joshua Batson wrote an article, published 23 January 2015, called, "How Three Guys With $10K and Decades-Old Data Almost Found the Higgs Boson First", about our 2009 project looking for ways the Higgs boson could have been hiding in LEP data.